Belafonte, Beyoncé, and Jay-Z: Are Black Stars Obligated to ‘Give Back’?

Elder entertainer and activist Harry Belafonte’s recent criticism of Beyoncé and Jay-Z as lacking in ‘social responsibility’ raises questions about the moral obligations of today’s black celebrities.

HARRY BELFAFONTE: “They have turned their back on social responsibility,” opined the activist and actor about today’s black celebrities. (Photo: David Shankbone/Wikipedia)

Harry Belafonte is a legendary entertainer, known for his iconic performances in films like Carmen Jones, Buck and the Preacher, and Calypso. And who can forget his award-winning “The Banana Boat Song (Day-O)”? However, in a long and distinguished career, Belafonte’s greatest accomplishments arguably may be his involvement with the civil rights movement.

During the ’50s and ’60s, Belafonte was one of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s biggest supporters and endorsers. He fully believed in the message and movement that King worked so tirelessly to establish. Belafonte provided financial support for King’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) as well as the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Council (SNCC), and he also participated in several rallies and protests alongside King. Still a civic-minded crusader today at age 85, he continues to live his life as an outspoken activist for social justice and equality.

Belafonte has never been one to shy away from social commentary or hold his tongue in conversation. He has been known for his honest comments and straightforward critiques about politics, show business, and society.

In an interview last week with the Hollywood Reporter, when asked whether or not he was happy with the images of minorities portrayed in Hollywood, he caused a stir by calling out two famous black celebrities by name.  “I think one of the great abuses of this modern time is that we should have had such high-profile artists, powerful celebrities,” Belafonte began. “But they have turned their back on social responsibility. That goes for Jay-Z and Beyoncé, for example.”

JAY-Z AND BEYONCE: Is it fair to compare the altruism and social involvement of today’s stars to those of the civil rights era? (Photo: Ivan Nikolov/WENN/Newscom)

Belafonte believes that industry heavyweights like Jay-Z and Beyoncé have a social responsibility to be outspoken regarding issues of race, prejudice, and civil injustices, mainly because they have the social influence and public platform to do so. Janelle Harris at Essence echoed those sentiments. “There’s been an ugly dumbing down when it comes to acknowledging and addressing pertinent issues, even having empathy for and interest in what’s impacting our community. It’s an attitude of detachment,” she said.

She added: “I agree with Harry Belafonte. I think young people could be doing more. Twenty, thirty, forty-somethings. It’s not just the celebrities, though they’re certainly part of the vanguard for making philanthropy and activism cool, which is unfortunately necessary for some folks to get involved.”

Jay-Z and Beyoncé are definitely the closest thing the black community has to pop-culture royalty today. The hip-hop power couple topped Forbes list this year as the world’s highest-paid celebrity duo, raking in a staggering $78 million. But are they giving back?

Guardian columnist Tricia Rose wonders as much. She writes, “It is undeniable that today’s top black artists and celebrities have the greatest leverage, power, visibility and global influence of any period. It is also true that few speak openly, regularly and publicly on behalf of social justice. Most remain remarkably quiet about the conditions that the majority of black people face.”

Many celebrities often take on a non-controversial role or use their celebrity indirectly as a fundraising tool, rather than taking an overt stance to engage civically. Rose continues to say that her previous statement is not intended to, “discount their philanthropic efforts,” but to raise awareness. And Belafonte’s lament illuminates a fundamental shift in black popular culture.

“As black artists have gone mainstream, their traditional role has shifted. No longer the presumed cultural voice of the black collective social justice, it is now heavily embedded in mass cultural products controlled by the biggest conglomerates in the world,” says Rose.

FREEDOM FIGHTERS: Belafonte (center) with fellow actors Sidney Poitier (left) and Charlton Heston at the historic civil rights March on Washington, D.C., in 1963.

Rose notes that individuals like Belafonte willfully sacrificed their safety and lives by marching with civil rights protesters under threat of police violence. His commitment and contributions are rare among modern superstars.

She adds: “In the history of black culture popular music and art has played an extraordinary role in keeping the spirit alive under duress, challenging discrimination and writing the soundtrack to freedom movements.” Visionaries like Paul Robeson, Lorraine Hansberry, and Nina Simone are a few that Rose believes understood that responsibility and made a conscious effort to better society through both their art and fame.

As for Beyoncé, the singer’s representatives did respond to Belafonte’s charge by citing a litany of the singer’s charitable acts, including funding of inner-city outreaches in her hometown of Houston, as well as donations to hurricane relief efforts in the Gulf Coast and humanitarian campaigns following the Haiti earthquake.

In fairness to Beyoncé and Jay-Z, it is not for any of us to judge how they use their money, nor to pressure them into being more generous than they already are. What’s more, the issues in today’s society are quite different than they were during the civil rights era. So, it might be unfair to impose those kinds of expectations on today’s African American celebrities.

Still, it’s hard not to feel that we do need more influential people with Belafonte’s mindset to help us reenergize the black community. His contributions over the course of his career have changed the world for the better and have proven that entertainers can be important difference makers for change and justice.

About the author, Amanda Edwards

Amanda Edwards is the newest team member at UrbanFaith, where she serves as Associate Editor. Amanda loves telling people’s stories in fresh and unexpected ways. She graduated from DePaul University with her bachelor's in communications and a master’s in journalism.
  1. God helps those who help themselves. But humans help those who help them. It’s natural and everybody does it. It’s strange to me… the GLBT community is justified in not supporting Chick-a-filet or Roland Martin, but when a tried and true Black activist speaks something from his experiences about what he observes about modern celebrities—people for whom he paved the way—we ask is Belafonte right?!?! Of course he is!

    Black consumers have the right to use their money power in any way they want. No, we don’t have a right to judge how Beyonce and Jay-Z use their money. But we do have a right to determine how we will use our money when we learn how they use their money. I hope that Belafonte’s words (with which I fully agree) spark something in the minds of young girls who love Beyonce and young guys who swear by Jay-Z that will cause them to ask, “what have they done for me lately?” We all need to ask such questions of people we put our support behind—from entertainers to politicians.

    Great post!

  2. Considering how few recording artists have a single political opinion that remains unspoken, the phrase “Shut up and sing” comes to mind. Jay-Z and Beyonce best express themselves through their music, and whatever they do offstage is, quite simply, none of Harry Belafonte’s business or mine.

    For Christians, of course, the teaching of Luke 12:48 is important. I do, however, question the idea that a person’s becoming famous requires political activism. Holding forth on politics is easy. Helping poor people face to face is more costly and, ultimately, more redemptive.

    I am thankful for Mr. Belafonte’s heroic stands during the civil rights movement, and I thank you for acknowledging Charlton Heston as his colleague in those efforts. In more recent decades, considering Mr. Belafonte’s harsh statements about Colin Powell and Condoleezza Rice, and his fondness for Hugh Chavez, I would much rather hear the music of Jay-Z and Beyonce.

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  5. Expectations of Jay Z and Beyonce are extremely low…their music reveals their priorities.

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  11. Beyonce bought Jay Z a $5 Million watch for his birthday. Jay Z is worth about $475 million dollars, but he only gave about $6,000 to his own “charity.” It’s clear that they aren’t going to do anything about social justice, when they are so wrapped up in making money. At this point I’m worried about them ruining the youth of America with their music than ever thinking that they would actually speak up about something that actually matters.

  12. Harry Belafonte was right on it when he indicated that Black celebrities are not following the example of those who preceeded them.. Most fail to understand that if were not for the efforts of entertainers of the past, they would not be in the position most of them are today!! They’re too caught up in themselves to take time and realize that the masses of their poorer class brothers and sisters are suffering and truly need help..As Ron Daniels, in his Perspective “Black America: A State of Emergency Without Urgency.” states that, There is an awareness that large numbers of Black people are suffering, but that awareness appears not to have provoked a common, coordinated and effective response from Black Leaders and organizations, or an uprising from the masses.” Included in this description, after organizations, should include celebrities.. Black Celebrities have a great deal of influence on the minds of Black folk, especially our youth..In the meantime Black Celebrities, national organizations, and leaders are not only disconnected from the most disadvantaged neighborhoods, the places Where the ‘Emergency’ exists, they are not sufficiently connected to each other..”There is a State of Emergency in Black America without urgency..When those who feel abandoned in the inner-cities witness leaders and followers speaking truth to power and confronting the powers that be, perhaps the fratricide and violence will subside because a real movement for change will engender hope that a better future is possible..If there is a sense of urgency about the State of Emergency in Black America, our brothers and sisters imprisoned in America’s dark ghettos who are turning on each other will turn to each other and join the fight to transform their lives and our communities (Ron Daniels;)”The Unfinished Business of the Civil Rights Movement:Failure of America’s Public Schools to Properly Educate its African American Student Populations.”